雅思听力8分的大神原来都熟记了这些词

2017-02-21编辑: Eileen来自: 环球教育

  istening situation: social events (section 2)

  雅思听力section 2中经常会考到一些社会事件,比如说会议、展览、节日等。参加这些社会活动就需要通过网站、单页、通知版、广告等来了解活动的信息、日程安排、主题等详细信息。一些大型会议和活动学生是可以选择参加的,而且还提供住宿和餐饮,一切都只需要在注册的时候声明并且缴纳相应的费用即可。

  Events: Convention, exhibition, conference, festival, exposition

  Examples: Australian retailers’ convention, art exhibition, business conference, summer music festival, drama festival, travel exposition, world expo, cartoon exhibition, flower exhibition, auto show

  Publicity: website/internet, leaflets, flyers, notice board, posters, advertisements, good for a family, children, adult, senior citizens

  Transportation: bus, taxi, cab, subway, tube, coach, parking problems

  Agenda: dates, timetable

  Focus/theme: music/live music, art, ballet, clothes, drama, food, business, demonstration, comics, flower arrangement, biscuits

  Celebration: parade, dance, chorus, music band

  Catering: cafe, restaurant, pub, cafeteria, canteen, refectory, dining room, refreshments, snacks, takeout, takeaway, set lunch, barbecue

  Security: security entrance, security office, security personnel/staff, fire exit, lockers, Check ID, video surveillance, cameras, crowded, children easily get lost

  Listening situation: environment (section 2/4)

  这类单词肯定是大家感觉到比较专业和难于掌握的,并不是需要学员们全部记忆下来,但起码要做到对发音和中文意思比较敏感,这样才会对全文的听力内容有一个较好的把握。否则就好像是听到了科普类文章一样,茫然不知所措,进而导致完全放弃。

  atmosphere: Oxygen, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Carbon dioxide, Carbon monoxide, Ozone, sulphur monoxide

  pollution: air pollution, acid rain, contaminated water, pollutant, contaminant, chemicals, toxic waste

  Geographical: soil erosion, desertification, drought, floods, overfishing, over-felling, deforestation

  energy: fossil fuels, coal, gas, petroleum, solar, tide, wind power, nuclear, marsh gas, methane, biogas

  recycling: plastic, paper, glass, bottle tops, ink cartridges, spare parts/components

  Listening situation: repair (section 1)

  这个场景主要是购物或者租房子后发现有一些这样那样的问题,物体的型号、主要的问题、需要什么时间来修理、有没有质保、替换还是退款等都会是很重要的考点。雅思听力还是非常实用的,能让我们提前预习到在国外会碰到的场景,帮我们了解外国人处理一些事情的流程和规则。

  What to repair: fridge, refrigerator, washing machine, CD player, electric light, clock, bungalow, cooker, rice cooker, printer (shelf), Model type/number

  Main problem: leaking, door broken, flashing, hands broken, noisy, fan broken, steam escaping

  When to repair: immediately, straight away, right now, urgent, next week, weekdays, weekends, in a couple of weeks, mornings, afternoons (am pm)

  Quality warranty: expiry date, quality guaranteed for two years

  Compensation: refund, replacement

  Payment: cash, cheque, credit card, bank transfer

  Listening situation: diet and health (section 4)

  饮食和健康不但是现在人们越来越关心的问题,也会是雅思听力考试中永恒不变的主题。在 Section 4 中经常出现关于健康饮食和生活方式的探讨。与此同时,听力中关于一些疾病的原因和治疗也都跟此有着密切的联系。我想 Heart disease, chronic illness, diabetes, obesity,high blood pressure 等疾病大家已经并不陌生了。

  Food intake/elements: protein, vitamins, fat, carbohydrates, fat acid, calcium, cholesterol, minerals, calorie, kilocalorie

  diet: cereals, sugar, salt, lean meat, eggs, fish, milk, vegetables, fruit, red meat, white meat

  cereals: wheat, corn, barley, oat, maize, rice

  health: low nutrition, malnutrition, overweight, obese, underweight, intelligence, eyesight, brain, learning difficulty, digestion, congestion, heart disease, tuberculosis

  Physical exercises: running, jogging, swimming

  listening situation: medicine (section 1)

  这个场景每年都会进行几次考查,重点要明确各种关于医生、治疗、疾病、药物、手术、医院的英文表达方式,以及弄清楚西方国家的医疗体系和看病流程。比如说 family doctor 这个概念在中国几乎是不存在的,但是在西方的社区里非常普遍。怎样注册一个家庭医生,他们看病怎样收费等都是我们应该去了解的。在国外某些地区,如果没有注册家庭医生,很可能出现一些急症没有医生来看的情况。

  doctors: physician, surgeon, dentist, veterinarian, pediatrician, therapist, general practitioner

  treatments: cure, remedy, therapy, acupuncture,

  diseases: headache, toothache, backache (back pain), stomachache, heart disease, pneumonia, tuberculosis, diabetes, insomnia, asthma, employment medical, sprain, sports injury, sprained knee

  medicine: antibiotics, penicillin, aspirin, sleeping pills (tablets), painkillers, dose, underdose, overdose, ice pack, walking sticks

  surgery: operation

  hospital: clinics, ward, maternity, emergency, surgery, practice

  listening situation: library (section 1/4)

  图书馆是雅思听力中经久不衰的场景之一,大家应该把握住图书馆的基本布局和功能、完整的借阅流程、以及图书馆所藏的素材。除了上课以外,图书馆应该是学生待的时间最长的地方了。国外的书籍价格还是比较高的,尤其是一些专业书籍,所以图书馆比较受欢迎也就理所应当了。

  registration: information desk, information sector, librarian desk

  registration fee, membership fee

  ID documents: passport, visa, student card, library card, driver’s license, credit card, bank statement, phone bill, Identity card, C.V. letter

  Library card, borrower’s card, reader’s card, electronic card, PIN, password

  Books: fiction, reference books, technical books, leisure books, notion, academic

  Periodicals: magazines, journals Current issues, back issues

  Technical Resources: photocopying machine, photocopier, color, white and black photocopier, printer, laser printer, card, coin, internet access, computers, laptops

  Electronic, digital: CD, DVD, VCD, videos, tapes, cassettes, CD-ROM

  Recall system: catalogue (title, author, press, category) , call slip, librarian

  Circulation: borrow, loan, return, renew, overdue, fine, reserve

  Loan time: weeks, months (up to 4 weeks, maximum loan time)

  Training classes: research methods, IT, computer software, dissertation writing

  Listening situation: job hunting (section 1/2)

  边上学边打工是很多学生的普遍生活方式,一方面可以贴补生活费用,另一方面可以增加社会经验和扩大朋友圈。如果有机会进入一些大公司当实习生的话必将对未来的工作有很大的帮助。以下是雅思找工作场景中经常考查的细节点,大家要注意哦!

  Type of work: vacation jobs, office work, bar attendant, waiter, waitress, zoo attendant, childcare, library assistant, restaurant work, shop assistant, sales assistant, domestic work, reporter, carpenter, freelance, part-time job, full-time job, temporary job

  Main roles: receptionist, shop assistant, looking after animals (kangaroo), educate visitors, save wounded/injured animals, maintain website, selling garden tools/carpets, handle customer complaint

  Advantages and disadvantages: pay, working hours, workload, flexible, equipment, transportation

  Working hours: am pm weekdays (during the week), weekends,bank holidays, public holidays, New year, Christmas

  Pay rate: pound/dollar per hour, starting salary, wage

  Clothes: formal clothes, suit, informal clothes, casual clothes shirt, trousers, tie, bow tie, uniform

  Transportation: bus, train, subway, tube, metro, taxi, cab

  Magazine reporters: housing magazine, entertainment magazine, sports magazine, economy magazine, IT magazine

  Listening situation: shopping

  在剑桥雅思中有出现过对比几家商店或者品牌的产品的优缺点,进而得出一个综合评价并给出买或不买的最终建议的听力场景。今年的听力考试里,以下这些词也出现过很多次。

  Price: discount, concession, promotion, sales, half price, normal price, 30% off

  Packaging: economy package, family package, container, image, presentation of products

  Where to buy: supermarket, market, shop, store, department store, chain store, online

  shopping

  Receipt: invoice, quality warranty, receipt

  Supermarket: entrance (profitable), middle shelf (expensive), end of aisles (hard to move), quieter places ( need time to think about)

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